ST. GEORGE — It’s that time of year again, when clocks turn back an hour as the season of daylight saving time comes to an end. The rollback takes place Sunday at 2 a.m.
Some love it, others hate it
Many people have a love-hate relationship with the biannual time change.
Those involved in the outdoor recreation and tourism industry often praise daylight saving time because it provides an extra hour of lucrative sunlight for people to spend extra time golfing, hiking and so on. Parts of Utah’s tourism industry have opposed legislative attempts – and there have been several – to drop daylight saving time for this reason.
However, opponents argue daylight saving time can be a health hazard, as the time change disrupts an individual’s sleeping patterns, or circadian rhythms. While this may mean a few tired mornings as some people adjust to the time change – and unhappy parents dealing with children who won’t go to sleep or are getting up too early – it may have more serious consequences for others.
Studies have linked the time change to an increase in car accidents, injuries and suicide, according to TimeandDate.com. The onset of early-evening darkness has also been linked to depression.
Attempts to get away from daylight saving time
In Utah there have been multiple attempts in the Legislature to drop daylight saving time. One of the most recent attempts would have even placed Utah in a new time zone.
A resolution presented by Sen. Wayne Harper, R-Taylorville, during the 2018 legislative session would have moved Utah from Mountain Standard Time to Central Standard Time. The resolution would have also petitioned the U.S. Department of Transportation to allow the state to drop daylight saving time.
Like the many measures before it, Harper’s resolution did not survive the session.
In 2017, Rep. Norm Thurston, R-Orem, and Sen. Deidre Henderson, R-Spanish Fork, proposed legislation that would put the question of dropping daylight saving time on the 2018 ballot. It also failed.
A 2014 survey conducted by the Governor’s Office of Economic Development showed nearly 67 percent of respondents favored year-round Mountain Standard Time, while only 15 percent preferred keeping the semiannual clock adjustments.
Bishop’s bill has been referred to the House Committee on Energy and Commerce and introduced to the House proper and little more.
States are currently not authorized to opt out of standard time. However, earlier this year the Florida Legislature passed a bill that would put the state on year-round daylight saving time, moving it one time zone to the east, put Florida in the same time zone as Nova Scotia.
The change will need to be approved by the federal government before the state can implement it.
On a wider scale, the European Union is also considering doing away with daylight saving time.
A little history
Starting on April 30, 1916, Germany and its World War I ally Austria-Hungary were the first to use daylight saving time as a way to conserve coal during wartime. Britain, most of its allies and many European neutrals soon followed suit. Russia and a few other countries waited until the next year, and the United States adopted it in 1918.
During the energy crisis of the 1970s, Congress passed an act keeping daylight saving time year-round. That lasted from Jan. 6, 1974, to Feb. 23, 1975, when the order was rescinded, allowing standard time to return Oct. 27, 1975.
Hawaii is the only state that has fully opted out of daylight saving time. The majority of Arizona also does not observe it. However the Navajo Nation, which is primarily situated in Arizona and extends into Utah and New Mexico, does observe the time change. The Hopi Nation, completely surrounded by the Navajo Nation, does not observe daylight saving time.
The Associated Press contributed to this report.
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