WASHINGTON (AP) — The Supreme Court on Monday made it easier for companies to defend themselves against patent infringement lawsuits in a ruling that places strict limits on where such cases can be filed.
The justices ruled unanimously that patent owners must bring lawsuits only in states where the targeted company is incorporated. The issue is important to many companies that complain about patent owners “shopping” for favorable courts in other parts of the country to file lawsuits.
Sen. Orrin Hatch, R-Utah, hailed the decision in a statement issued Monday.
“I applaud the Supreme Court’s decision today interpreting the patent venue statute according to its plain meaning,” Hatch said. “As I have said many times — most recently in an op-ed in WIRED — Congress never intended to allow plaintiffs in patent litigation to pick and choose whichever court they thought would give them the easiest shake. The purpose of venue is to ensure cases are brought in a convenient location.
“Today’s decision will help return order to patent litigation, end the abusive forum-shopping practices we’ve seen in recent years, and reduce the ability of patent trolls to extort settlements from actual innovators on the basis of frivolous claims. I continue to oppose all forms of abusive patent litigation and intend to introduce legislation in the coming months to address other problems with our current patent litigation system.”
The case involved an appeal from TC Heartland, an Indiana-based food sweetener company sued by Kraft Foods in Delaware. Lower courts refused to transfer the case to Indiana.
But the Supreme Court’s ruling will have the biggest impact on federal courts in eastern Texas, where more than 40 percent of patent lawsuits are now filed. Local rules there favor quick trials and juries tend to be more sympathetic to plaintiffs.
The ruling is a blow to so-called patent trolls — shell companies that buy up patents and force businesses to pay license fees or face expensive litigation. Many of those cases now may have a tougher time getting to trial or result in jury verdicts that are less generous.
Companies including eBay, Kickstarter and online crafts site Etsy had urged the high court to restrict where such cases can be filed, saying they have been sued repeatedly in courts hundreds or thousands of miles away from corporate headquarters. Even Texas Solicitor General Scott Keller led a coalition of 17 states calling for an end to so-called forum shopping in patent cases.
Groups representing inventors and patent owners said new restrictions would place burdens on patent holders and encourage infringing behavior and piracy.
Writing for the court, Justice Clarence Thomas relied on a 1957 Supreme Court case that said patent cases can be brought only where the defendant company is incorporated. He said the federal appeals court in Washington that handles patent appeals was wrong to say that Congress had changed those rules.
The ruling is a “seismic decision” that will affect patent litigation around the country, said John O’Quinn, a Washington, D.C., lawyer specializing in patent law. He said it may lead to a surge in patent cases in Delaware, where many companies are incorporated due to favorable state law.
That shift will mean a dramatic decline in cases at the federal courthouse in Marshall, Texas, where hundreds of patent lawsuits are filed each year.
Justice Neil Gorsuch did not take part in the case, which was argued before his confirmation.
Written by SAM HANANEL, Associated Press. Additional commentary provided by the office of Sen. Orrin Hatch, R-Utah.
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