FEATURE — Since the early 1800s, eggnog has been considered a social Christmas drink that adds to the festivities of the season. To many, it brings back fond memories of Christmases by the firelight, real Christmas trees and the grandest of holiday meals, but it can be dangerous if not prepared properly.
“Although your traditional eggnog recipe may be a family favorite, if the recipe includes raw eggs, it is recommended that you alter it,” Extension professor Carolyn Washburn wrote in a Dec. 7 column for Utah State University Extension.
“Eating raw eggs can not only be dangerous, but deadly, since they may contain the bacterium salmonella, which can cause food-borne illness. Anyone can fall victim to food-borne illnesses, but some people are at a higher risk, including infants, young children, pregnant women, older adults and individuals with weakened immune systems who suffer from chronic illnesses such as HIV, liver disease, diabetes or cancer.”
Four tips to make holiday eggnog safely
- In place of raw eggs, use an equivalent amount of pasteurized – frozen or refrigerated – egg product that has never been opened. Because of the risk of bacterial contamination after opening, any leftover egg product should be used only in cooked products.
- Use cooked eggs in your eggnog recipe. Combine raw eggs with half of the milk and sugar in a 4-quart double boiler. Cook and stir over medium heat, approximately 10-15 minutes, until the mixture coats a metal spoon and the temperature reaches 160 F. Continue preparing your recipe as directed.
- If a recipe calls for folding raw, beaten egg whites into the eggnog, use pasteurized eggs. It has not been proven that raw egg whites are free of salmonella bacteria.
- Use commercially-prepared eggnog, which contains pasteurized eggs and does not need to be cooked.
Adding alcohol will inhibit bacterial growth, but it cannot be relied upon to kill bacteria, Washburn said in her column. Once alcohol is diluted, it no longer effectively kills bacteria. You will still need to use pasteurized eggs. Keep in mind that simmering eggnog over heat will remove the alcohol.
Holiday eggnog recipe
- 5 cups skim milk
- 3/4 cup sugar
- 1 cup pasteurized, refrigerated egg product, or 1 cup pasteurized frozen egg product (thawed in the refrigerator) or 4 eggs
- 12-ounce can evaporated skim milk
- 2 teaspoons vanilla extract
- 1/4 teaspoon rum extract (optional)
- 1 pint low-fat frozen vanilla yogurt, softened
- Ground nutmeg to taste
In a 4-quart double boiler, combine milk, sugar and egg product; or eggs.
Cook and stir over medium heat, approximately 10-15 minutes, until the mixture coats a metal spoon and the temperature reaches 160 F. Remove from heat.
Stir in the evaporated skim milk, vanilla extract and rum extract, if desired. Cover and chill 4-24 hours in the refrigerator.
To serve, place softened frozen yogurt in a punch bowl. Gradually whisk in chilled eggnog mixture until smooth. Sprinkle with nutmeg to taste.
Note: If using eggs, follow recipe steps 1, 2, 3 and 4. If using a pasteurized egg product, follow only steps 1, 3 and 4.
Holidays are a fun time. Safe eggnog gives you one less thing to worry about.
- Contact Carolyn Washburn at Utah State University Extension | Telephone 435-534-2692 | Email Carolyn.firstname.lastname@example.org.