WASHINGTON, D.C. — A bipartisan, bicameral group of legislators introduced a bill on Wednesday to modernize our nation’s electronic privacy laws and bring protections against warrantless searches into harmony with the technological realities of the 21st century. The “Electronic Communications Privacy Amendments Act of 2015” was submitted in the Senate by Sens. Mike Lee and Patrick Leahy. Reps. Kevin Yoder and Jared Polis sponsored the House version of the bill.
“There is no reason we should still be operating under a law written in the analog age when we’re living in a digital world,” Lee said. “Yet that’s exactly what has happened with the Electronic Communications Privacy Act, which has remained virtually unchanged since it was first enacted in 1986. In the nearly three decades since ECPA became law, technology has advanced rapidly and beyond the imagination of anyone living in 1986. The prevalence of email and the low cost of electronic data storage have made what were once robust protections insufficient to ensure that citizens’ Fourth Amendment rights are adequately protected.”
(report continues below)
Videocast courtesy of the Offices of Sen. Mike Lee
“The bill we are introducing today protects Americans’ digital privacy – in their emails, and all the other files and photographs they store in the cloud. It builds consumer trust, and it provides law enforcement agencies with the tools they need to ensure public safety,” Leahy said. “This is a bipartisan issue, and now is the time to act swiftly to bring our privacy protections into the digital age.”
“The federal government is using an arcane 1986 law to conduct warrantless searches of the personal email accounts and other digital communication of the American people,” Yoder said. “The last time Congress updated our email privacy laws, we were two years removed from the release of the first Macintosh computer. It’s time Congress modernized these outdated statutes to ensure that the rights protected by the Fourth Amendment extend to Americans’ email correspondence and digital storage.”
“For too long now Americans’ electronic communications have been subject to invasive and unwarranted searches based on laws written for the Apple 2, not the iPhone 6,” Polis said. “Today, a majority of the House of Representatives is standing up to say that the government has no more business reading your personal email than it does reading your physical mail. I look forward to working with my colleagues on both sides of the aisle to pass this bipartisan bill and make a reasonable expectation of privacy the law for all forms of communication.”
The Lee-Leahy-Yoder-Polis Electronic Communications Privacy Act Amendments Act of 2015 shows how outdated laws can be improved through bipartisan, commonsense reforms. The bill protects Americans’ email and other data held in the cloud by requiring law enforcement agencies to obtain a search warrant based on probable cause before accessing it. It replaces the obsolete “180-day rule,” which some government agencies invoke to claim warrantless access to older emails.
The Senate bill has six additional cosponsors, Republican Sens. Cornyn, Moran, and Gardner, and Democratic Sens. Shaheen, Blumenthal, and Merkley. The House version of ECPA has 227 additional cosponsors.
This legislation is also carefully crafted so it does not impede the ability of law enforcement agencies to conduct investigations. As such, the ECPA Amendments Act of 2015 enjoys broad support from the technology industry, privacy advocates, constitutional scholars, and policy groups across the ideological spectrum.
Submitted by the Offices of Sen. Mike Lee
- View the proposed law: 2015 Senate Bill – Electronic Communications Privacy Act Amendments Act of 2015
- ‘The Life of Julia’ under Obamacare, will she: pay more, have information privacy, access to quality care?
- Leahy-Lee Electronic Communications Privacy Amendments Act approved by committee
- Lee, Leahy introduce update to Electronic Communications Privacy Act
- A Book of Safe Faces: Setting Your Facebook Privacy Settings