SOUTHERN UTAH — As winter draws near and the days grow colder, trees and plants can become at risk of being damaged and community members are urged to take steps to keep their trees alive as temperatures continue to drop.
St. George may be popular for its warm climate and low amounts of snow throughout the year, but winter’s damaging effects occasionally reach the Dixie area. In December 2013, winter storms and cold fronts battered Southern Utah, causing damage and even death to trees not used to those conditions.
“That damage happened because we had two days where the high was 9 degrees, so it got way below zero at night” Mark Hodges, a degreed arborist and owner of Arbor Tech in St. George, said. “That’s why so many plants died – that extended period of cold.”
While the trees may not be able to protect themselves from extreme winter elements, there are certain precautions tree owners can take to prevent similar damage this coming winter, Hodges said.
One way to combat the cold temperatures is by using heat lamps, Hodges said. Heat lamps can provide warmer temperatures to the trees, preventing them from experiencing damage from the cold. If the tree is smaller, people can also put a burlap sack over it along with using the lamps.
“Just straight insulation is not going to work,” Hodges said. “The best thing (to do) is to use the heat lamps.”
Hodges also said he urges people to ensure the lamps they use do not get too hot and to make sure they are not near anything that could melt or catch on fire.
These lamps do not need to be used constantly, Hodges said. The best time to use them is when there is a night of expected low temperatures, especially approaching or including single-digit temperatures.
St. George isn’t the only area to experience winter problems with trees. In May, hundreds of trees in Cedar City were damaged following an unexpected snowstorm.
Because the snowfall in the Cedar City storm was wet and occurred late in the spring season, it stuck to the leaves that were already growing from the trees, Hodges said. Preventing that kind of damage from happening is quite hard to do.
“That was kind of a fluke thing,” Hodges said. “There is not really much you can do once those leaves come out.”
Cindy Porr, from Phoenix, Ariz., said she was working a night shift at her job in Cedar City when the snowstorm began. By the end of her shift, most of the trees surrounding her work had broken because of the snow’s weight.
The following morning, Porr said, she found a large tree at her rental home had broken and blocked off the majority of her driveway along with a portion of 800 West.
“Luckily, the city came out and cleaned up the broken tree, so that was nice,” Porr said.
Along with the larger tree at the front of her home, Porr said, two smaller trees in her backyard also broke.
Should a similar storm happen in Cedar City again, one option to prevent damage would be to shake the snow off of the tree branches, Hodges said. However, constantly checking the snowfall can be difficult, especially if a person is asleep or has a larger tree that is harder to reach.
“It can be hard to stop nature with things like this,” Hodges said.
Some Southern Utah trees can also experienced what is called “frost crack,” Hodges said. This can happen where it is relatively warm during the daytime and trees begin the photosynthesis process.
Then when there is a really cold night, water, sap and other compounds inside the tree freeze, causing the compounds to expand, Hodges said. When frost crack happens it can make a popping sound or even a loud crack that can sound similar to a gunshot.
“That sap or water expands and sends a crack right down the tree,” Hodges said. “It’s much like … taking a wedge and pounding it into the (tree).”
While most trees in the Cedar City area are not affected by extreme cold, there are some in the St. George that are, Hodges said. The trees primarily at risk are the Canary Island date palms along with the Mexican sand palms and their hybrids with the California sand palm.
“The smart thing would be to make sure you don’t plant those trees,” Hodges said.
Planting trees as close to the house as possible allows them to absorb some of the warmth from the home, Hodges said. Taking these steps to keep trees alive during the colder months will also help people save money because they will not need to buy new trees each year.
- Stocking your vehicle for winter; what to do in case of emergency, checklist
- Winterizing your lawn now will pay off next year
- Cedar City continues cleanup after Mother’s Day snowstorm (May, 2014)
- Will Dixie’s palm trees survive the freeze? (January, 2014)
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