WASHINGTON, D.C. – Secretary of the Interior Sally Jewell on Tuesday released the first of two reports developed by the Rangeland Fire Task Force. This report includes actions to be taken immediately to address the threat of rangeland fire to Western sagebrush-steppe landscapes and improve fire management efforts before the start of the 2015 wildfire season.
“Cheatgrass and other invasive species have contributed to making rangeland fire one of the greatest threats in the Great Basin – not only to sagebrush habitat, but to wildlife, ranching, and other economic activities that depend on a healthy landscape,” Jewell said.
“As we head into the 2015 fire season, the actions recommended in this report will help ensure that our preparedness, response and recovery strategies better align with the threats facing the West.”
Secretarial Order 3336, signed by Secretary Jewell on January 5, 2015, called for the development of a comprehensive, science-based strategy to reduce the size, severity and cost of rangeland fires; address the spread of cheatgrass and other invasive species; and position wildland fire management resources for more effective rangeland fire response.
The order calls for the creation of an implementation plan, initial report, and final report. The implementation plan, completed on Jan. 31, established a roadmap to accomplish the objectives of the order.
The report released Tuesday outlines actions and activities that the DOI and others can take prior to the onset of the wildfire season. The goal is to protect, restore and conserve vital sagebrush landscapes and productive rangelands, particularly in the Great Basin region of Idaho, Utah, Nevada, Oregon and California.
Many of the recommendations in the initial report draw on the comments and ideas from the November 2014 conference, “The Next Steppe: Sage-grouse and Rangeland Fire in the Great Basin.”
The increasing frequency and intensity of rangeland fire in Great Basin sagebrush ecosystems have significantly damaged the landscapes relied on by many tribal and local communities, ranchers, livestock managers, sportsmen, and outdoor enthusiasts. The unnatural fire cycle puts at risk the landscapes that, for generations, Westerners have depended on to sustain their ways of life.
In 2010, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service found that these developments present a significant threat to the greater sage-grouse in the Great Basin portion of its remaining range. Once occupying more than 290 million acres of sagebrush in the West, the greater sage-grouse has lost more than half of its habitat since then.
Settlers reported millions of birds once took to the skies; current estimates place population numbers between 200,000 and 500,000 birds in 11 states and two Canadian provinces. The FWS is now considering whether protections under the Endangered Species Act are warranted.
The recommended actions in the Initial Report involve targeted, strategic investments of resources to immediately enhance the management of rangeland fire in specific portions of the Great Basin, in partnership with states, private land owners and land users. The recommendations include the following:
- Designing and implementing comprehensive, integrated fire response plans that prioritize protection of the landscapes most at-risk to detrimental impacts of rangeland fire and invasive species. This will include increased training and use of veterans crews, rural and volunteer fire departments, and Rangeland Fire Protection Associations to increase their capacity to address rangeland fires.
- Prioritization and allocation of resources to reflect that this is a critical natural resource and fire management priority for DOI agencies and bureaus by emphasizing the need to protect, conserve, and restore the health of sagebrush-steppe ecosystem.
- Accelerating efforts to restore rangelands damaged by wildfire with genetically appropriate plant materials and grasses to help improve the health of this ecosystem.
- Developing a comprehensive strategy for acquisition, storage, and distribution of seeds and other plant materials. Restoration and rehabilitation of the greater sage-grouse habitat areas requires a reliable supply of genetically appropriate and locally adapted seed, as well as seeding technology and equipment for successful and expanded effective restoration of the sagebrush-steppe ecosystem.
- Designing and creating tools and maps to make information on areas of concern, landscape conditions and fire more integrated and readily available.
The Task Force will continue its work through collaboration with Federal, Tribal, state, and local governmental partners and stakeholders to identify and recommend longer-term actions to improve the efficiency and efficacy of rangeland fire management, fire prevention, fire suppression and post-fire restoration efforts at a landscape scale.
DOI’s work to reduce the size, severity and cost of rangeland fires is a key part of a larger, unprecedented federal-state partnership to provide strong habitat protection and conservation measures on public and private lands to protect the greater sage-grouse.
- The Next Steppe: Sage-grouse and Rangeland Fire in the Great Basin conference
- Greater sage-grouse conservation efforts
- Initial Report Special Order 3336
- More information can be found here
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